¿Cómo vamos? A tool to support more equitable co-management of Peru’s protected areas

This brief presents the findings of an assessment conducted in Peru to understand and verify the adoption, outcomes, and potential impacts of the participatory reflective monitoring tool called "¿Cómo vamos?" (How are we doing?) in multistakeholder forums (MSFs). MSFs are recognized as a means of fostering transformative change to address the environmental and social impacts of the climate crisis. In Peru, the Protected Areas Service (SERNANP) mandates the establishment of MSFs or management committees (MCs) involving various stakeholders in the management of protected areas. The tool was co-developed and tested by CIFOR and SERNANP with eight MCs. The positive reception and interest in the tool led SERNANP to publish it as an official document and require its annual implementation by the MCs of its 75 protected areas. This assessment provides insights into the adoption, outcomes, and potential impacts of the tool in Peru.

A place at the table is not enough: Accountability for Indigenous Peoples and local communities in multi-stakeholder platforms

This article explores the challenges of achieving equity in multi-stakeholder platforms and forums (MSFs) focused on sustainable land and resource governance. Drawing on a comparative study of 11 subnational MSFs in Brazil, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and Peru, the article examines the perspectives of Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) who participate in these forums. The research aims to understand how MSFs can ensure voice, empowerment, and address inequality, while being accountable to the needs and interests of IPLCs. The findings highlight the optimism of IPLC participants but also reveal accountability failures. The article argues for greater strategic attention to how marginalized groups perceive their participation in MSFs and proposes ways to foster collective action and hold more powerful actors accountable to achieve equality, empowerment, and justice.
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Designing for engagement: Insights for more equitable and resilient multi-stakeholder forums

A process that is engaged, committed and adaptive allows for all actors to build trust, and thus has the best chance of success moving forward. This literature review highlights the importance of engagement within an MSF.

How does context affect the outcomes of multi-stakeholder forums on land use and/or land-use change?: A Realist Synthesis Review of the scholarly literature

This protocol outlines a Realist Synthesis Review (RSR) that analyses the global scholarly literature on multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) addressing land use and land-use change. MSFs bring diverse stakeholders together to address common challenges and achieve shared goals. The review aims to understand how contextual factors influence MSF outcomes. It contributes to the study of MSFs and participatory processes, addressing concerns about top-down approaches and emphasizing meaningful engagement. The RSR methodology provides empirical insights and advances social science research methods.
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Intensity and embeddedness: Two dimensions of equity approaches in multi-stakeholder forums

This paper introduces a novel approach to studying multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) in the context of land use and land-use change, focusing on their equity implications. The authors analyse MSFs based on two key characteristics: the extent to which local communities are actively involved (intensity) and the extent to which the forum is integrated into broader societal or governmental processes (embeddedness). By employing these analytical tools, the paper offers nuanced insights into how different MSF approaches function and their impact on equity, going beyond simplistic categorizations and providing a deeper understanding of MSF dynamics.
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Trust-building and leadership in multi-stakeholder forums: Lessons from Indonesia

This paper investigates the impact of trust and leadership in multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) addressing land and resource use in Indonesia. Conflicting interests can hinder trust-building, requiring an understanding of historical relationships to improve collaboration. Different challenges within MSFs call for specific leadership styles, including shared leadership for positive relationships and charismatic leadership for conflicts of interest or lack of trust.
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Understanding Difference to Build Bridges among Stakeholders

Perceptions of Participation in Four Multi-stakeholder Forums in the Peruvian Amazon

This study analyses the perspectives of participants and organizers in Peruvian Amazon multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) using Q-methodology. It reveals nuanced perceptions, highlighting optimism, risk awareness, and challenges in addressing inequality. The findings offer insights for constructing more effective and equitable MSFs.

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The role of multi-stakeholder forums in subnational jurisdictions: Methods training manual and tools for in-depth research

CIFOR's Methods Training Manual for in-depth field research examines multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) addressing land use in Brazil, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and Peru. It highlights the potential and pitfalls of MSFs, emphasizing the need for genuine participation. This timely research aims to contribute empirically to understanding MSFs and their role in addressing climate change and development trajectories.
Published by CIFOR

Newsletter #2 | September 2022

Read the second edition of our newsletter

ILM is a critical approach because it acknowledges the competing interests of various stakeholder groups and user groups when trying to manage landscapes sustainably.

We know there are competing interests around biodiversity, agricultural production, conservation, livelihoods, governance… And ILM tries to create a framework for us to find synergies and benefits across all these different principles. 

Leigh Ann Winowiecki


6 characteristics of
Integrated Landscape Management

The Central Component aims to provide strategies, practices and evidence to help both those in the field and those at policy-making level to develop and scale more impactful and inclusive landscape solutions. The CC team will be drafting and sharing all kinds of guidelines, frameworks, papers and tools from us, and aims to share foundational knowledge on ILM. So for right now let’s get foundational: here’s an overview of ILM basics.

Which of these 6 ILM characteristics are critical to your project? How important do you think they are? Tell us in the Forum.


Let’s talk. Join us in the Landscapes Forum

Big news: we’ve been speaking about a purpose-built online space in which you can share ideas and best practices, learn from other practitioners and peers, ask questions and seek advice. Finally, it’s here, and you’re invited.

Join us in the Landscapes Forum for both public and behind-the-scenes discussions… Follow others’ conversations or start your own. Read or watch the latest thinking around ILM. Go on: use the Forum as a support facility where you can post your own queries as well as answer those of others. The central component team is actively moderating discussion and will be available to respond to key questions and technical support requests.

Speak up. We’re ready.

Or just access it from the front page of our website, where you can register (please do) or view public discussions as a guest.


Home on the Range

We couldn’t have asked for a warmer – or more accommodating – welcome than the one we received in April in magical Kenya, when the RangER (Kenya Rangelands Ecosystem Services pRoductivity) Programme hosted members of the Central Component on our first learning mission.

We quickly discovered that ameliorating conflict in the area is one of RangER’s major goals, which identifies a clear relationship between livelihoods, environmental degradation and conflict in the Amaya Triangle, a mosaic of savanna grasslands, shrublands and woodlands to the north of Mount Kenya.

The area hosts private and community conservancies that support both livestock production and wildlife conservation. Increasing changes in land use away from pastoralist rangeland to crop production and settlements have resulted in clusters of problems around insecurity, resource conflicts, poverty, food insecurity, social exclusion, and severe degradation of natural resources. Frequent droughts and climate change coupled with human and livestock population growth have exacerbated this situation.

Can ILM help to solve these problems?


Science Week 2022

In June we celebrated Science Week 2022 at CIFOR-ICRAF, joined by 500+ scientists on campus between Nairobi and Bogor.

It was the first opportunity to meet (almost) our full Landscapes For Our Future team to discuss the future of Integrated Landscape Approaches (ILA) and to ask: “Are they old wine in new bottles? Another development fad? Or are they a feasible solution to landscape scale development and climate challenges?”

Have your say…


The Little Sustainable Landscapes Book

Here’s a little something that’s nourished our minds around ILM in the past. Is this oldie still a goodie?

Published back in 2015, The Little Sustainable Landscapes Book remains a piece of our mosaic of understanding – a foundational volume by thinkers that remain very much engaged in the landscape space today. Of course, our thinking on ILM has advanced plenty over these past seven years: from a biophysical, technocratic and top-down approach to one that has more organic origins but is also more ambiguous and complexity-embracing.

Have your say: What have you learned from this publication? What do you think has changed since it was published?

Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) is integral to the European Union’s (EU) ambitious post-2020 biodiversity and food systems agendas and its commitment to the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. ILM approaches furthermore facilitate an inclusive green recovery consistent with the EU Green Deal. In 2019, the EU launched the five-year Landscapes For Our Future programme, which now supports 22 ILM projects, spanning 19 countries and 3 sub-regions across the Global South.

Multi-stakeholder platforms for cross-border biodiversity conservation and landscape governance in East Africa: Perspectives and outlook

This working paper explores multi-stakeholder platforms (MSPs) for biodiversity conservation in East Africa. It assesses challenges, success factors, and the need for research on governance and monitoring. MSPs are crucial for managing biodiversity across sectors but require institutional linkages, skilled facilitation, science-policy connections, and sustainable financing.