Net-maps and vision in PNG

Stakeholder identification and development of a common vision: on a learning mission to Papua New Guinea, our Central Component Coordinator highlights two of the six critical dimensions of Integrated Landscape Management.

The Strengthening Integrated Sustainable Landscape Management (SISLaM) project in Papua New Guinea, lead by the UNDP’s Sam Moko, recently hosted our programme’s Central Component Coordinator, Kim Geheb, on a learning visit to see how the six critical dimensions of ILM could be further implemented.

As part of this process, the SISLaM team organised a workshop, inviting more than 30 stakeholders to participate. Kim introduced ‘Net-Mapping’, which was employed to identify the stakeholders’ relevance to the project, the relationships between them, and the influence they can marshal to enable the project to achieve its vision.

Net-Mapping in action at the workshop.

This process drew upon the SISLaM project’s goals to establish a defined project vision:

Because of the project, Enga Province’s sustainable and inclusive economic development was increased when the impacts of climate change were mitigated, and its people adapted; the food and nutrition security of its people was strengthened; and its biodiversity, land and forests were conserved, sustainably used and restored.

SISLaM Project vision.

Because of the large number of stakeholders at the workshop, participants were divided into two groups. They started by identifying who they thought was the most influential stakeholder at present and awarded that stakeholder 10 points. Other stakeholders were then identified and scored relative to the first stakeholder group. When they had completed this exercise, they then assessed scores for stakeholders in the future, thinking about whether they believed scores should increase or decrease in order for the project to achieve its vision. The result from one of the teams is shown below.

Kim explained that “there are many institutions with relatively high contemporary scores. In other words, SISLaM sees multiple actors as currently very important to fulfilling the project’s vision at present. This speaks to the importance of creating a platform where these actors can be convened, where dialogue can happen, and integration occur. There are some actors that have lower contemporary scores than future desired scores. This suggests that the project needs these agencies to increase their influence if its vision is to be achieved. It also suggests that the project needs to work out strategies for how the influence of these agencies can be increased.”

The Net-Map also displayed ‘risk communities’ which are those communities, such as landowners, who have been in conflict with each other. Enga Province is among several Papua New Guinean provinces which have suffered from communal violence since the national elections in 2022. While the project regarded their present influence to be medium (receiving a score of five), it would prefer this influence to be reduced to zero.

“It seems that traditional institutions remain very powerful – and therefore it makes sense to explore how the project can capitalise on these,” was Kim’s observation.

SISLaM also took Kim to visit three recipients of the project’s low-value grants. The first of these was a reforestation initiative being implemented by the Yakam Resort Cooperative Society. Emmanual Kilanda, the chairman of the cooperative, showed the team the work that is being done to reforest unstable slopes. As these slopes are extremely steep, planting trees on them has been a significant challenge, yet the cooperative has managed to plant 12,572 pine and kamare trees over 45 hectares since receiving the grant.

The SISLaM project includes components to help Engan farmers improve their value chain access and develop sustainable revenue streams. To illustrate this, the team visited the Wabag Coffee Growers Cooperative, where the initiative works to provide farmers with coffee seedlings. Kandes Nyia, the chairman of the cooperative, took the group to see the cooperative’s coffee nurseries and two farms. The grant has resulted in significant production increases, but the farmers struggle with an overabundance of coffee for their relatively localised markets. This situation highlights the need for Engan communities to extend and strengthen their value chains as they have a high-quality product and are located close to transport links.

Kandes Nyia, the chairman of the Wabag Coffee Growers’ Cooperative, explains his work from inside a coffee store.

Finally, the team journeyed to Laiagam District, where they were given an exuberant welcome by the Kinapulam Farmers’ Cooperative Society, which is working on producing sweet and English potato seed for local farmers. They visited several farms to understand the work of the cooperative and the results being achieved with the help of the grant. As in Wabag district, the low-value grant has resulted in significant production increases, however, ensuring the produce gets to market remains a challenge for these communities.

At the end of the visit, Kim reflected he was “particularly impressed by the implementation team.”

“Sam Moko provides very impressive leadership in a very challenging operating context, and I can see the strength of the team from its dynamic. The team is well selected and has a deep knowledge of Enga Province and its people. From what I have seen of the low-value grants, these have created real opportunities to communities. Of course, attention will need to be given to how recipient communities can market their outputs – and SISLaM can play a key role in convening this discussion so that communities can identify their own solutions and ensure this project’s long-term sustainability”.

The welcome from the Kinapulam community. Here, the leader of Ward 2 delivers his welcome speech.

This post is based on an article that was first published in UNDP’s July 2023 newsletter.

Participant Information

Landscapes For Our Future - Global Summit & Knowledge Exchange event, Nairobi, Kenya 16th to 20th October 2023

The one-week Global Summit & Knowledge Exchange event, hosted by the Central Component (CC) of the Landscapes For Our Future (LFF) programme aims to foster engagement between the 22 LFF project teams, global experts and members of the LFF programme. This event will share lessons learned, focus on key capacity gaps and explore the rich solutions and innovations on offer across the LFF programme in addressing the global climate and sustainability crises through landscape approaches.


  1. To facilitate cross-learning and knowledge exchange between implementing partners within the LFF program.
  2. To further knowledge and share experiences on implementing ILM across various contexts.
  3. To provide capacity development and technical support to project teams.
  4. To further strengthen the LFF community and make further plans for CC support to project teams.

To find out more or view the agenda, please bookmark our Global Summit event page:


The Summit will be held on the campus of the World Agroforestry Centre, United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya. Please use the gate indicated below.


All participants are required to facilitate their individual travel arrangements (flights, airport transfers, accommodation and per diem) to and from Kenya, and secure travel insurance during this period in case of any emergency medical attention and any other travel related risks through their respective project budgets.

All international participants are encouraged to purchase their tickets early enough to ensure all other logistics are sorted out in good time. Note that many other events are being held in Nairobi in October.


PASSPORT: Kindly ensure that your passport is valid for at least 6 months prior to travel.

HEALTH: A valid yellow fever certificate. Ensure possession of Valid Covid-19 certificate prior to your travel.

VISA: Ensure that you have valid Visa entry requirements for both any transit and destination country. We suggest that you print off a copy of your Kenyan visa for flight boarding and immigration.

ACCOMMODATION: Note that some airlines will require evidence of hotel accommodation before allowing participants to board. We advise that you print off confirmation of your hotel accommodation.

FLIGHTS: Note that some airlines will require evidence of participants’ flights out of Kenya before allowing participants to board.


Download an invitation letter in English:

Descargar una carta de invitación en español:

Téléchargez une lettre d’invitation en français:

Faça o download de uma carta-convite em português:

For a personalised version with your name, please email


Note that it is NOT possible to obtain visa on arrival. Please apply for a TOURIST visa.

Nationals of the following countries do not require visas to enter Kenya: Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Burundi, Cyprus, Dominica, Eswatini (Swaziland), Ethiopia, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Jamaica, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Samoa, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

All other countries require a visa to enter the Republic of Kenya. Please apply for a tourist visa at the link below:

A credit or debit card will be needed to make visa payment, which is approximately US$52. When you apply, you will be asked to upload:
1. passport photo of the applicant
2. bio page of your passport
3. proof of accommodation
4. proof of a departure flight out of Kenya.

Tip: Upload JPEG files only (not PDF).


COVID-19 entry regulations were lifted on 9 May 2023.


Accommodation reservations for participants shall be made upon request on the standard bed and breakfast rate unless otherwise requested by participants and based on room availability. If you do not ask us for assistance with hotel bookings, we shall assume that you are making your own arrangements. We are pleased to offer Summit participants pre-negotiated rates at the following hotels, all of which are close to The World Agroforestry Center. All quoted rates include VAT and are for bed and breakfast. All rates are quoted in Kenya shillings (Kes) and United States dollars (US$) (approx. Kes 141.7 = US$ 1 as of August 10, 2023).

Room Type: Standard Single Room
Kes 8,700 (US$ 65)
Address; N0 34 UN CRESCENT ROAD, P.O Box 1813 -00621, Nairobi, Kenya.
Email: Mobile: +254723610280
Room Type: Standard Single Room
Kes 16,800 (US$ 120)
Address; Limuru Road Village Market, Gigiri
Email: Mobile: +254 730 886 000
Room Type: Standard Single Room
Kes 29,250 (US$ 210)
Address; Limuru Road The Village Market, Gigiri P.O. Box 1333- 00621 Nairobi, KENYA
Email: Mobile: +254 730 886 000
Room Type: Standard Single Room
Kes 16, 790 (US$ 115)
Address; Off Limuru Rd At Runda Two Rivers Mall, Nairobi, Kenya
Email: Mobile: + 254-709-264000


Airport transfers will be arranged by respective hotels (Airport-Hotel-Airport). The main airport serving international flights in Nairobi is Jomo Kenyatta International Airport and is approximately 10.2 Km to Gigiri.


Shuttle transport has been arranged by the organizers from hotel to the Campus in the morning and return in the evening during the summit period.


Lunch, morning and evening tea breaks shall be provided throughout the Summit period. We shall also have a cocktail evening incorporated into the agenda on one of the evenings and these expenses shall be covered by the organizers.


Kindly plan to bring your daily subsistence allowance to cater for your dinner and incidental expenses during your stay in Kenya. The Summit organizers will not be paying per diem or any other allowances.


Time Zone

Kenya is in the East Africa Time (EAT) zone (GMT+3).

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of the Republic of Kenya is the Kenya shilling (KES).

Visa cards are widely accepted, with Mastercard/Maestro/Cirrus also accepted although less commonly, and Amex also often used in international chains and tourist areas.


The official languages in Kenya are English and Swahili and both are widely spoken.

Internet and Mobile Communications

Kenya is generally well connected. If participants wish to purchase a SIM for mobile data and calls, these are available at Safaricom, Airtel or Telecom Kenya outlets after immigration and baggage claim at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport.

Hotels will offer free Wi-Fi internet. and the same shall also be available at the Summit venue.

Power supply

Power supplied at socket in Kenya is 240V. Kenya uses a Type G socket (three rectangular pins).


Notwithstanding climate change, average Nairobi temperatures in October range from a high of 28°C to a low of 14°C. Please be aware that there may be monsoon rains during the summit. You may want to consider bringing an umbrella, a raincoat and other suitable wet weather clothing.


The World Agroforestry Center’s campus is located in Gigiri, alongside the United Nations and a large number of embassies. The area is well policed by Kenya’s Diplomatic Police, military and private security firms.

The political situation in Kenya is currently calm, although participants may wish to refer to their respective embassies’ travel advisories.

It is important to always take responsibility for your personal safety and exercise necessary precautions.

Participants are encouraged to always carry a photocopy of their passport.

On arrival at the World Agroforestry Center’s gates, participants will be cleared by security and issued with an adhesive pass or a name Tag, and this must always be worn within campus.


The Nairobi Hospital

Located in: Warwick Centre, UN Avenue, Gigiri

Tel: +254 703 072000 / 729 110202/ +254 729 110 203


M.P. Shah Hospital, Village Medical Centre Located in: The Village Market

Address: Limuru Road Gigiri Nairobi KE Tel: +254 204 291 500: +254 111 159 000


The Aga Khan University Hospital

Location: 3rd Parklands Avenue, Limuru Road, Nairobi, Kenya Phone: +254 (0) 111 011 888 or +254 (0) 730 011 888


Emergency Phone Numbers

999 / 112 / 911 – National Police Service

999 – Emergency services (ambulance, fire and EMS)

Useful contacts:

Kim Geheb

Tel.: +254-758-606-525

WhatsApp: +254758606525

Khalil Walji

Tel.: +254-701-501-509

WhatsApp: +254701501509

Dominique Le Roux

WhatsApp: +27717232790


Freidah Wanda

Tel.: +254-704-272-349

WhatsApp: +254704272349

We hope this helps you to prepare optimally for your stay in Kenya and we look forward to welcoming you.

Safe Travels!!

Newsletter #5 | August 2023

Read the fifth edition of our newsletter

Welcome to our Latin American and Caribbean special edition newsletter, where we delve into the transformative power of Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) as showcased in our programme’s 7 projects across 16 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. 

Clockwise from top right: Les Pitons and town of Soufriere in Saint Lucia, OECS. Aerial view of Bahía Negra town, on the banks of the Paraguay River. Organic panela production and donkeys in Ecuador. Cattle rancher in San Ignacio de Velasco in Bolivia. Cattle ranch  in Honduras. Signage in Ecuador. Photos by Peter Cronkleton and Natalia Cisneros/CIFOR-ICRAF. 

View or download more photos and videos from our image archive here.



The Central Component’s Natalia Cisneros meets with Mi Biósfera team members during our learning visit to Honduras. Photo by Peter Cronkleton/CIFOR-ICRAF 

We, the Central Component, see six critical elements in the ILM process. To see them in action, you need look no further than our programme’s remarkable Latin American and Caribbean projects, which have embraced integrated landscape approaches to revolutionize land use practices, conserve biodiversity and foster sustainable development.


Can ILM contribute to sustainable cattle ranching?  And vice versa?

Chiquitanía landscape of Bolivia. Image by GIZ/Paisajes Resilientes 

In recent years, strategies to promote sustainable alternatives to conventional ranching have emerged, aiming to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change, reduce deforestation, conserve vulnerable ecosystems, and mitigate impacts from cattle production. Achieving these objectives often involves endorsing enhanced practices, implementing robust monitoring systems, and fostering collaboration among various stakeholders. ILM could enable pathways to achieving impact at scale.

Landscape Learning Session #2: Criteria, Indicators & Tools of ILM

Watch the webinar

Despite its application over the past few decades in various contexts to harmonize conflicting land management goals such as development and conservation, there remains no systematic framework to guide the implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of ILM projects. 

We set out to fix that, conducting a global review to propose such a framework. This learning event presented the results of this review and delved into two examples of monitoring tools applied in ILM projects. 


MSF fatigue? How to design for context, inclusion and effectiveness

A tale of two Brazilian states leads us to really useful tips to design meaningful, inclusive platforms for transformation. In the 1990s and early 2000s – in response to calls for participatory land-use planning and concerns about deforestation – Brazil’s state governments began to carry out Ecological-Economic Zoning processes to  collectively lay out land-use plans that were inclusive and sustainable. These processes were mandated to be developed and implemented using multi-stakeholder participatory mechanisms. 

Two states ended up with very different results. Explore the lessons to be learned through this curation of research and interviews, and download at-a-glance factsheets with tips on how to how to manage power, politics and participation in your own multi-stakeholder processes. 

We often take too much for granted in MSPs. Some considerations are simple – like changing where the platform is held, or adjusting seating arrangements – and some require deeper strategic thinking. Our research has unearthed a host of practical steps that convenors can take to help empower marginalised stakeholders and create lasting impact. 

 Anne Larson on CIFOR-ICRAF’s info sheets and how-to guides

Power, politics and participation in multi-stakeholder processes

A tale of two Brazilian states leads us to really useful tops to design meaningful, inclusive platforms for transformation.
Read at CIFOR-ICRAF’S Forests News

Participatory processes do not guarantee equality, as the interactions within them and in the wider contexts where they are enacted are shaped by power relations that define what kinds of actions are possible,

CIFOR-ICRAF scientists Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti, Anne Larson, and Nicole Heise Vigil in a 2021 study on how and why organisers plan their MSPs.

Here’s a cautionary tale for MSF convenors

In the 1990s and early 2000s – in response to calls for participatory land-use planning and concerns about deforestation – Brazil’s state governments began to carry out Ecological-Economic Zoning (ZEE in Portuguese) processes with the aim of collectively laying out land-use plans that were inclusive and sustainable. These processes were mandated to be developed and implemented using multi-stakeholder participatory mechanisms.

The two ended up with very different results, as described in this paper.

Acre and Mato Grosso are two landlocked Brazilian states, both of which contain part of the Amazonian rainforest. Acre’s ZEE map, completed in 2007, was widely hailed for advancing collective benefits and sustainability. For Mato Grosso, in contrast, the ZEE process was disastrous: it reflected deep-seated social and political conflicts, and to this day the state does not have a ZEE map, despite a number of valiant attempts by different parties to develop one. So, why did the two processes, which fell under the same federal mandate, turn out so differently?

This excellent article from CIFOR-ICRAF’s Forests News, not only outlines the different results and reasons behind them, but also provides links to really useful tools and resources to enable you to design and implement a multi-stakeholder process that’s far more like that of Acre, “widely hailed for advancing collective benefits and sustainability”, than of Mato Grosso, where “the ZEE process was disastrous: it reflected deep-seated social and political conflicts, and to this day the state does not have a ZEE map, despite a number of valiant attempts by different parties to develop one.”

… a lively living being, consistent with the identity of the populations living in the managed territory.

Acre government’s description of the map-making process after the addition of a cultural-political axis or ‘ethno-zoning’

Want to emulate that success in your own MSF?

Researchers and others at the Center for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF), along with partners in diverse organisations and locations around the world, have been exploring how MSFs might better achieve their goals in the future, within their Governance, Equity and Wellbeing programme. They’ve found a number of conceptual and practical measures to better take these social dimensions into account.

Find out more in this short video:

Practical fact sheets designed for you

To support participants and implementers in this multifaceted process of making MSPs more equitable and effective, CIFOR-ICRAF has produced a series of simple, accessible infosheets and ‘how-to’ guides. “We often take too much for granted in MSPs,” says author Anne Larson. “Some considerations are simple – like changing where the platform is held, or adjusting seating arrangements; and some require deeper strategic thinking. Our research has unearthed a host of practical steps that convenors can take to help empower marginalised stakeholders and create lasting impact.”

Click any image below to download its factsheet pdf.

SEPAL (System for Earth Observation Data Access, Processing and Analysis for Land Monitoring)

A powerful, open-source platform for forest and land monitoring that can empower your project to gain a better understanding of land cover dynamics.
Learn more from SEPAL

Our programme’s Paisajes Andinos project in Ecuador demonstrates exceptional strengths in monitoring and evaluation, leveraging a range of advanced tools and technologies to collect, analyse and interpret data. One notable aspect is the project’s utilization of SEPAL (System for Earth Observation Data Access, Processing, and Analysis for Land Monitoring) tools for satellite data analysis. By harnessing the power of satellite imagery, the project can monitor land cover changes, vegetation health, and other environmental indicators. SEPAL tools enable the project to access near real-time data, facilitating the identification of areas that require intervention and providing valuable insights for adaptive management.


Tool: Kobo Toolbox. KoboToolbox was created to be a free and accessible data collection tool for social impact organizations in the humanitarian, development, environmental protection, peacebuilding, and human rights sectors.
Learn more from KoboToolbox

Our programme’s Paisajes Andinos project in Ecuador employs KoboToolbox, an open-source data collection platform, to gather field-level information efficiently. Through this tool, project staff and community members can collect survey data, track progress, and monitor indicators in a systematic and streamlined manner. KoboToolbox’s user-friendly interface and customizable forms enhance data quality and enable real-time data analysis, empowering the project with up-to-date information for decision-making.

¿Cómo vamos? A tool to support more equitable co-management of Peru’s protected areas

This brief presents the findings of an assessment conducted in Peru to understand and verify the adoption, outcomes, and potential impacts of the participatory reflective monitoring tool called "¿Cómo vamos?" (How are we doing?) in multistakeholder forums (MSFs). MSFs are recognized as a means of fostering transformative change to address the environmental and social impacts of the climate crisis. In Peru, the Protected Areas Service (SERNANP) mandates the establishment of MSFs or management committees (MCs) involving various stakeholders in the management of protected areas. The tool was co-developed and tested by CIFOR and SERNANP with eight MCs. The positive reception and interest in the tool led SERNANP to publish it as an official document and require its annual implementation by the MCs of its 75 protected areas. This assessment provides insights into the adoption, outcomes, and potential impacts of the tool in Peru.

A place at the table is not enough: Accountability for Indigenous Peoples and local communities in multi-stakeholder platforms

This article explores the challenges of achieving equity in multi-stakeholder platforms and forums (MSFs) focused on sustainable land and resource governance. Drawing on a comparative study of 11 subnational MSFs in Brazil, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and Peru, the article examines the perspectives of Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) who participate in these forums. The research aims to understand how MSFs can ensure voice, empowerment, and address inequality, while being accountable to the needs and interests of IPLCs. The findings highlight the optimism of IPLC participants but also reveal accountability failures. The article argues for greater strategic attention to how marginalized groups perceive their participation in MSFs and proposes ways to foster collective action and hold more powerful actors accountable to achieve equality, empowerment, and justice.
Download from CIFOR

Can multi-stakeholder forums mediate indigenous rights and development priorities? Insights from the Peruvian Amazon

This article examines the role of a multi-stakeholder forum (MSF) called PIACI Roundtable in protecting indigenous peoples in isolation and initial contact (PIACI) in Peru's Loreto region. The MSF aimed to address delays in establishing Indigenous Reserves for PIACI. The article highlights the potential of MSFs to raise awareness and coordinate actions for vulnerable groups, but emphasizes the importance of shared respect for recognized rights among participants. Without such respect, MSFs may prioritize other perspectives over the rights of marginalized communities.
Download from CIFOR

Designing for engagement: A Realist Synthesis Review of how context affects the outcomes of multi-stakeholder forums on land use and/or land-use change

This Realist Synthesis Review analyses scholarly literature on multi-stakeholder forums (MSFs) for sustainable land use. It focusses on subnational MSFs involving grassroots and government actors. The review highlights key contextual variables and identifies four common lessons: commitment, engagement of implementers, openness to stakeholders, and adaptive design. Successful MSFs are recognized as part of a transformative process, involve research and meetings, build consensus and commitment, and prioritize adaptive learning. The central lesson is to design for engagement that addresses the context for greater success.
Download from CIFOR