What is a framework? Understanding their purpose, value, development and use
This article explores the development and application of frameworks in the sciences and the science-policy interface. While frameworks are valuable tools for synthesizing and communicating core concepts, their development and application are often vague and lack transparency. The article emphasizes the importance of positioning frameworks within a theory of science to understand their purpose and value. It introduces a meta-framework that visualizes the four mediating processes involved in framework development and application: empirical generalization, theoretical fitting, application, and hypothesizing. The article concludes by providing guiding points for scholars and policymakers using or developing frameworks in their research.
The European Union’s Landscapes For Our Future programme supports 22 integrated landscape management projects across 19 countries and 3 sub-regions across the Global South with solutions to context-specific land-use challenges around food and nutrition security, climate change and land/forest biodiversity.